The ancient Greeks show the first signs of trying to predict future market behavior. Thales of Miletus (640–546 BC), the philosopher, astronomer, and geometer, used his knowledge and observations to predict a possible abundant crop of olives. He had decided to deposit on the olive presses ahead of time, so when the olive harvest season started, he rented the olive presses out at a rate that brought him great returns later.

The story of Thales and the olive presses has become the first option-type agreement in the world’s history and gave rise to people trying to understand the market to profit from it.

After decades of studies and technological advances on the nature of markets “behind the scenes,” the picture was revealed with fluctuating prices and what factors influence the value of goods and services, allowing traders to make informed decisions and manage risks efficiently.

However, in a market system, there is always a degree of uncertainty that people strive to mitigate through technical and fundamental analysis.

One of the most recent and novice approaches to price analysis is forecasting price changes by monitoring trading activity. And Volume Profile is an ultimate indicator that defines an asset on three levels: price, volume, and time, providing us with all the data we need to trade assets effectively.

Today we want to delve more into volume profiles, discover what they are, and how they can provide valuable insights into market behavior that other technical indicators may not capture.

Excited? Let’s get this party started then!

What Is a Volume Profile Indicator?

volume profile indicator

The Volume Profile is a charting technique (indicator) that shows the trading activity of a specific financial asset over time. This indicator uses horizontal bars to reflect trading activity at different price points. The bars are stacked vertically, with the highest indicating the areas with the most trade activity.

The Volume Profile is a relatively new charting technique created in the late 1980s by a trader called Peter Steidlmayer. He was a talented futures trader at the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) seeking a more efficient approach to examining market data.

Steidlmayer noticed that typical technical indicators, including oscillators, moving averages, and trendlines, did not accurately portray market trends and reversals. He believed the amount of trading activity at every price point was a more reliable measurement of market sentiment, so he began developing a statistical model to analyze this data.

The first thing that drew Steidlmayer’s attention was the fact that price swings were not random but instead preferred to cluster around particular price levels. He also noted that the trading activity was higher at certain levels than at previous levels.

Based on these discoveries, Steidlmayer developed a new method of assessing markets that considered both price and volume. He called this approach Market Profile, which later evolved into the Volume Profile indicator.

The Components of a Volume Profile Trading Indicator

The anatomy of any volume indicator chart consists of several key elements, each of which plays a unique role in the market volume assessment. These elements include:

areas of volume profile indicator

1) Value Area

The Value Area is a price range in which 70% of the total volume has been traded.

You may be wondering where this 70% comes from. To explain the mechanics behind the value area, we must first dig into the statistics.

In fact, the Value Area is a concept that comes from statistics and is centered around the Gauss model, widely known as the normal distribution.

value area of volume profile indicator

In the normal distribution model, the probability density function is defined by two parameters:

  • the mean (μ), also known as average – which represents the center or peak of the distribution;
  • the standard deviation (σ) represents the data’s spread or dispersion.

In a perfect normal distribution, the distance between -1σ and 1σ is where ~68,2% of the data is located. When applied to the trading volume, it goes as follows: the probability of every new order’s trading volume falling into the range of the value area equals 68%.

The normal distribution is called “normal” because it is regularly seen in nature, such as people’s height or weight, racing speed, intelligence level, etc.

It is essential to note that the value area is not a fixed range of prices but rather a dynamic concept that changes as trading activity evolves. As new price levels become more heavily traded, the value area may shift to include these new levels, while other price levels may become less significant and fall outside the value area.

2) PoC Trading Level

Point of Control, aka PoC, is a horizontal line that showcases an asset’s price point where the most trading activity occurred over the session.

The PoC line marks the price at which buyers and sellers have agreed the most. It is also called the “fair price” since the market perceives it as the most reasonable.

The Point of Control line gives traders visual clues about the overall market trend and possible reversals.

3) Value Area High (VAH)

The VAH represents the upper edge of the value area. This point is often seen as a support/resistance level by traders.

4) Volume Area Low (VOL)

The VAL refers to the lowest price level within the value area. This point can act as a support or resistance level on a trading chart.

5) High Volume Node

An HVN represents a price range with a heavy amount of trading activity compared to the average volume. This level is considered an area of significant price congestion and is often used as a critical support level when the price is below it or as a resistance level when the price is above it.

The price is attracted to these areas like a magnet since they present high liquidity, which traders appreciate. The market tends to stay within High Volume Node areas since the more significant part of supply and demand is satisfied.

6) Low Volume Node

An LVN represents a price range with relatively low trading activity and a low volume of trades. This level is considered an area of little price congestion and is often used as a critical support level when the price is above it or as a resistance level when the price is below it.

Low-volume areas are usually considered reversal areas. Here the price is only accepted by a few traders, and the market tries to reject these areas. In practice, in areas with low trading activity, the price either bounces back to the value area or trades quickly to another area of value.

In these areas, the price only lasts for a short period.

Market Profile vs. Volume Profile

At first glance, market and volume profiles are similar charting techniques that are meant to make technical analysis easier for traders. Many traders use these two terms interchangeably, and we don’t blame them – they sound similar and even look alike, so what’s the difference?

Let’s start with history first! The Market Profile (also known as TPO Profile) is an advanced technical analysis approach developed in 1980 and introduced to the public in 1985. At first, people didn’t accept the Market Profile technique – they found it tricky and challenging to apply to their trading strategies. When more traders adopted the indicator, the Volume Profile eventually evolved.

Whereas Volume Profiles analyze how much trading activity occurred over time, Market Profiles consider how much time was spent at each price level.

Fun fact: even though Market Profile doesn’t use trading volume to plot a histogram, its values are very close to Volume Profiles.

So, they are different but alike at the same time? Actually, they are! Let’s see how exactly Market Profile is formed.

market profile vs volume profile

For a Market Profile, the form of the candle doesn’t really matter because it only considers high and low points. Essentially, the candles on each price level overlap and create a Market Profile, like the old-fashioned Tetris game!

The more candles there are in the price level the more thick the Market Profile will be.

Both indicators have their own leverage when applied to different market states:

  • Volume Profiles win over Market Profiles when there is a trend development. The candles don’t overlap in these areas, which gives us a little information. It is better to rely on VP indicators when the market experiences a trend.

market profile

*Market Profile is located on the left side of the chart, while the Volume Profile is located on the right side.

  • Market Profile works best when there is consolidation in the market. Since there are many more candles to overlap in the same price levels, the MP chart looks more detailed.

market profile indicator

3 Types of Volume Profile Indicators

Three variations of the Volume Profile indicator differ in how the market data is presented. Let’s review each of them step-by-step.

VPVR Indicator

The VPVR indicator is a histogram that illustrates the volume traded at various price points over a specific time period. Each bar’s height indicates the trade volume, while its width shows the price range. The VPVR indicator usually displays the most actively traded price ranges, which makes it useful for spotting support and resistance levels.

volume profile visible range indicator

The VPVR indicator is considered the king of all Volume Profiles among traders. Too bad you can’t test it out for free on TradingView and other charting platforms – VP indicators are advanced and precious tools that are with the money, though. But we have a fantastic solution for anyone who wants to try it out free of charge!

GoodCrypto is the best charting platform, a TradingView alternative, to try and use VPVR for free. It is very user-friendly and super easy to utilize. We use it when writing articles about technical indicators to test various trading strategies and spot patterns. Good Crypto is available in both desktop and mobile (Android & iOS) versions – you will need it after finishing this article!

Gain More Profit Using Advanced Technical Analysis Tools

Now let’s get back to the VPVR explanation.

It is vital to notice that the VPVR chart is dynamic, which means that the histogram’s values change as the user navigates through the visible parts of the chart.

Since the Volume Profile Visible Range is the most basic and widely used indicator of the three (3) Volume Profiles highlighted in this article, we will provide a more detailed breakdown of its features.

How to Modify VPVR Settings?

The VPVR indicator as well as the other two Volume Profiles can be easily adjusted.

To customize the VPVR settings in the GoodCrypto app, simply click the gear icon beside the indicator:

vpvr settings

On the Settings pop-up you will see two (2) tabs: Inputs and Style.

how to customize vpvr settings

The “Inputs” tab offers four VPVR indicator settings customization options:

Rows Layout

  • VPVR “Number of Rows” setting lets traders set a specific number of rows that will be displayed on the histogram. The more rows will appear on the indicator, the more precise information you will get about each price level.
  • VPVR’s “Ticks Per Row” setting determines how many price ticks should be included to generate each histogram row. A smaller number of ticks provides a more detailed chart perspective, whereas a higher value combines a larger number of price ticks, minimizing noise.

Row Size – based on the layout, you must type the number of rows or ticks to be included in the indicator.

Volume – here, you have to choose whether you want both buy and sell trading volume to be colored together or be split into two different colors.

Value Area Volume – here, you can modify the percentage of the Value Area. The default value for this setting equals 70%, which is based on the normal distribution model we mentioned in the sections above.

The “Style” tab allows you to adjust the VPVR histogram according to your preferences.

 customization of vpvr indicator

The Developing PoC and Value are two settings that require a little explanation

  • Developing Value Area showcases the change in Value Area over time. It is represented by two lines that gradually go up and down.
  • Developing PoC is displayed as a stepped line that marks the change of a VPVR PoC line over time.

vpvr settings explanation

After clicking on the “Visibility” tab, you can see settings configuring where the indicator will be on the chart.

vpvr timeframe setting

In the example below, the VPVR indicator will be displayed on the chart for all daily time frames, aside from that one day we pointed out.

volume profile indicator timeframe

Fixed Range Volume Profile

The Fixed Range Volume Profile (VPFR) visualizes the distribution of trading activity for a specific time frame defined by the user.

Fixed Range Volume Profile indicator

As the name implies, this Volume Profile allows traders to plot a range of the chart on the histogram. So, you can move your chart wherever you want – the values will stay still. For this reason, the way this Volume Profile is presented in the graph varies from the VPVR.

How to set a VPFR indicator?

  • Firstly, you have to select a price range you want to analyze.
  • Once the price range is set, the Fixed Volume Profile gathers the data on how many trades occurred within that range and plots it into the histogram.

VPSV Indicator

The Volume Profile Session Volume is similar to the Fixed Range, except for one thing: instead of a fixed time frame, it delivers volume statistics for each price point instead of a fixed time frame.

Volume Profile Session Volume indicator

The VPVS indicator is based on the volume traded during a specific session that a user can specify.

First, to calculate the VPVS indicator, split the entire volume traded during the session into smaller periods, which generally range from 1 to 5 ticks. The volume for each period is then added together to provide a profile of the volume transacted at each price level during the session.

How to Use Volume Profile Indicator?

Here is a brief summary of how the Volume Profile can be utilized. The VP indicator can be used to:

  • Showcase support and resistance levels
  • Display a fair price of the asset
  • Predict a potential trend reversal
  • Determine whether the market is balanced or imbalanced

So, why don’t we move forward and start looking at how Volume Profiles can benefit your trading strategy?

The Only Volume Profile Strategy You’ll Need

The strategy we will share is universal for every Volume Profile indicator. We will use a VPVR indicator since it can be accessed for free in our beloved GoodCrypto app!

Trade in Profit with Advanced Trading Tools

If you decide to test this or any of the Volume Profiles on TradingView, be prepared to buy a PRO plan because none of the indicators can be utilized for free.

trading view pro plan for volume profile indicator

Let’s get back to the Volume Profile strategy, shall we?

First and foremost, before you start spotting Volume Profile patterns, you need to adjust the setting of the VPVR indicator.

The histogram with the default number of bars, usually 24, looks chunky and tells us little to no information regarding actual trading activity.

volume profile indicator in goodcrypto app

However, once we increase the number of rows, the histogram transforms and immediately looks more detailed, giving us a better visualization of where the volume is. You will see later why it is so important.

volume profile indicator in goodcrypto app

As we’ve already mentioned, we use the POC line as support and resistance, and both high and low-volume nodes can serve as support and resistance levels as well – those are the areas where you can see potential reversals or bounces.

Compared to LVN areas, high-volume nodes are followed by a short period of consolidation since there is increased trading activity.

This is a little reminder for you, dear reader!

“A support level denotes a price point at which the purchasing pressure is powerful enough to halt an asset’s downward movement, while a resistance level marks a price point where the selling pressure is powerful enough to stop an asset from continuing its upward trajectory.”

So, here are key takeaways from the 1INCH/BTC chart:

  • On March 30, the price broke above the POC line – a signal to take a long position. In this case, the POC line served as a support line.
  • The price was in an active uptrend until it went over the Value Area. After a short period of consolidation, the price started to fall, breaking below a few High Volume Nodes and the POC line, which is, in fact, a signal to short. However, since the price doesn’t make any sudden movements and just oscillates around the POC line, we should change the time frame to look closer at the current market state.

volume profile indicator in goodcrypto app

  • As we can see, the price tried to break above the new POC line, but the trend wasn’t strong enough, so it consolidated for a day and then broke above the Point of Control line once again.
  • Now, the price is in the LVN area, a market with less trading activity, so we expect the price to either rise and/or break one of the HVN areas that we already marked or lose momentum and try to go back to the POC line.

In the larger time frame (29 March – 04 April), the price has experienced a downtrend and is currently (at the time of writing) consolidating in the most active part of the VA. While in the shorter time frame (1 April – 4 April) it showcased an uptrend and moved outside the VA and towards an area with less trading activity.

Identifying Market Trend With Volume Profile Shape

The VP indicator comes in different shapes and forms. As a trader, you can grasp helpful information based on the distribution pattern.

Some of the widely known shapes of the Volume Profile include:

  • D – Shaped Volume Profile: This Volume Profile distribution represents balance in the market. It looks just like a bell, a sign of a statistically standard distribution model: the POC line in the middle of the profile is regarded as “fair” in this stage, and neither buyers nor sellers behave aggressively.

D Shaped Volume Profile

Volume Profile traders observe D-shaped histograms closely since they anticipate a price change – the market will eventually break out in one direction or another.

  • P – Shaped Volume Profile: This Volume Profile distribution shows a market uptrend. The “P” shape is formed when buyers start acting more aggressively, and sellers can’t keep up with them – the price increases dynamically and then consolidates.

P Shaped Volume Profile

The P-shaped profile’s wider top half shows a new “reasonable” price (POC) between the two parties.

  • b – Shaped Volume Profile: The “b”- shaped Volume Profile appears when the price drops and consolidates. It is the outcome of the battle between pushy sellers and weak purchasers.

b Shaped Volume Profile

Generally, the price with this pattern is believed to balance itself in the long run, so traders consider it a bearish indication.

  • B – Shaped Volume Profile: The B-shaped Volume Profile develops when two high-volume congestions occur inside the same session. It’s a sure indicator that the trend will continue.

B Shaped Volume Profile:


Volume is a lifeblood of the markets and liquidity, so understanding the Volume Profile will provide valuable insights into the market and its participants’ behavior.

One of the key advantages of the Volume Profile Indicator is that it can help traders identify essential price levels that may take time to be evident from looking at a traditional price chart. This is because the Volume Profile Indicator considers the volume of trading activity at each price level rather than just the price itself. Besides, it helps traders determine the future state of the market.

If you want to sharpen your toolbox, Volume Profiles are your go-to additions to your arsenal!

Trade Volume Indicators Easily With Good Crypto

Volume Profiles are advanced technical indicators that might not always be found on the trading charts of some tools and exchanges, even if you are ready to pay for them. But what if you just want to dip your toes into the trading volume analysis to see whether it runs up to your expectations?

Good Crypto is just a tool you are looking for! You can download a mobile app or go to the website to test out one of the most famous Volume Profiles, the VPVR indicator, alone or in combination with other technical indicators, like Moving Averages, Bollinger Bands, and RSI. All of them and much more are available and free of charge!

GoodCrypto is a revolutionary app that simplifies cryptocurrency asset management and trading. Whether you want to trade, buy, or sell cryptocurrencies, GoodCrypto gives you access to over 35 top cryptocurrency exchanges like Binance, Coinbase, and Kraken, all in one convenient location.

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June 21, 2023

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